Dermatology is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin. It is a Speciality with both medical and surgical aspects. A dermatologist is a specialist medical doctor who manages diseases related to skin, hair, and nails.
Dermatopathology: A dermatopathologist is a pathologist or dermatologist who specializes in the pathology of the skin.
Trichology: Trichology specializes in diseases, which manifest with hair loss, hair abnormalities, hypertrichosis, and scalp changes.
Immunodermatology: This field specializes in the treatment of immune-mediated skin diseases such as lupus, bullous pemphigoid, pemphigus vulgaris, and other immune-mediated skin disorders. Specialists in this field often run their own immunopathology labs. Immunodermatology testing is essential for the correct diagnosis and treatment of many diseases affecting epithelial organs including skin, mucous membranes, and gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts. The various diseases often overlap in clinical and histological presentation and, although the diseases themselves are not common, may present with features of common skin disorders such as urticaria, eczema, and chronic itch. Therefore, the diagnosis of an immunodermatologist disease is often delayed. Tests are performed on blood and tissues that are sent to various laboratories from medical facilities and referring physicians.
Mohs surgery: The dermatologic subspecialty called Mohs surgery focuses on the excision of skin cancers using a technique that allows intraoperative assessment of most of the peripheral and deep tumor margins.
Therapies provided by dermatologists include: